The Impact of COVID-19 on Social Anxiety

The COVID-19 pandemic has completely redefined the way people interact with one another. Social distancing, masks, telecommunication and lockdown measures are all essential practicies we must continue to comply with in order to keep ourselves and our loved ones safe. The health benefits of social distancing techniques can not be understated, and the CDC reccomends it along with other preventative actions to help stop the spread of the coronavirus.

For those affected by social anxiety, these practices may feel like both a blessing and a curse. Social anxiety disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, is categorized as a DSM-V disorder defined by an intense and persistent fear of being judged or humiliated. It often manifests itself in symptoms such as high levels of fear and anxiety, avoidance of social situations, and social isolation.

Anxiety has been a leading mental health concern among undergraduate college students in the United States for several decades. In 2019, the Annual Report of the Center for Collegiate Mental Health found that 62.7% of the 82,685 students surveyed reported struggling with anxiety, and the 2020 report saw the highest annual instances of self-reported social anxiety among college students over the past deacde. The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that 12.1% of adults in the US experience SAD during their lifetime.

Thomas de LUZE via Unsplash The safety measures we have put in place to protect ourselves from the coronavirus are incredibly important, but they can also have major downsides for people who are affected by SAD. Social distancing practices mimic avoidance patterns, which can easily feed into social anxiety. Being stuck at home all day may hinder any mental wellness progress that someone had been making prior to the onset of lockdown.

COVID-19 has created new rules in our unwritten social contracts as well. Someone who's already predisposed to anxiety now has to grapple with the uncertainties and stressors that go hand in hand with a pandemic. From having concerns about getting sick to worrying about whether other people are judging you for your own safety practices, the pandemic has put uncharted levels of stress on the world's shoulders.

Even those who have never had an anxiety disorder before may find themselves experiencing anxiety, including social anxiety, over the past year. According to the Kaiser Family Foundation, four in ten adults in the U.S. now report symptoms of anxiety or depression, up from one in ten during the first half of 2019.

College students also have to grapple with new ways of learning, which can exacerbate the already-high levels of anxiety reported among students. Zoom fatigue, a phenomenon of exhaustion from spending time in videoconferences, can have severe psychological impacts on students' happiness and self-esteem. Having to look at ourseslves for hours on end while also being watching by 30+ other students is tiring, and many have expressed concerns about students experiencing body dysmorphia over it.

Woman in front of laptop with mask on Photo by Edward Jenner from Pexels Struggling with anxiety, depression or other mental illnesses is completely normal, especially during a pandemic that has caused so much fear and grief. If you have experienced new and/or increased levels of social anxiety over the past year, know that you are far from alone, and anxiety is treatable. Medication such as SSRIs, as well as online and in-person therapy appointments, are available for those who need them. I strongly encourage you to reach out to your doctor and start a plan to get back to feeling like your best self.

Photo Credit: Her Campus Media Library

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6