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Is Gen Z Living Through a Romantic Renaissance?

It must be admitted that the 21st century is significantly lacking in the romance department. Even before the global pandemic put the kibosh on romantic rendezvous over dinner, millennials and Gen Z’ers have been increasingly relegated to swiping right on Tinder or hooking up in a club as means of forming a connection, which many feel is simply not the same. When it comes to basic human communication, we appear to be a bit of a lost generation, set adrift in a sea of social media statistics, celebrity tweets, and Netflix binges, struggling to connect. Moreover, with so much basic human contact stripped away from our already screen-centric society as a result of the pandemic, the question arises: is romance truly dead?

What the scientists are saying

Back in 2018, Cigna released the results of a study which found that Gen Z, defined in the study as young adults aged 18 to 22, is “the loneliest generation.” While there is still much debate as to whether this trend is directly linked to increased social media usage, scientists have long been studying the effects of social media on mental health — and, more specifically, the growing correlation between digital gorging and increasing loneliness. 

Woman staring at phone at night
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Dawn Fallik, a University of Delaware professor who is writing a book on the national “loneliness epidemic,” explains that because of their reliance on technology, Gen Z’ers are consistently reporting fear of reaching out in-person.  “My students are terrified of those conversations where you’re looking them in the eye,” she told USA Today. And while it may seem a trifle heavy-handed to paint an entire generation with such broad and generalizing brushstrokes, there is substantial evidence in support of Fallik’s claims.  

Curious to find more concrete data to suggest that Gen Z’ers are increasingly incapable of communicating without the protective shield of a screen, I did some digging.

My first stop was Harvard University. Every year, The Harvard Crimson publishes a “by the numbers” page — the results of an anonymous survey given to each incoming class. For the newly admitted class of 2024 (the class of 2025 statistics are not yet available), the results reveal that more than 60 percent (of the over 76 percent of the class who responded) are virgins. 

woman in white long-sleeve shirt looking out a rainy window
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This data echoes the findings of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which finds that, between 1991 and 2015, the percentage of sexually active high school students dropped from 54 percent to 40 percent, in spite of the significant increase in sex education, the widened access to birth control, and the general fizzling out of the “sex before marriage” taboo.  

Over at Columbia, a similar survey published in 2018 also revealed that nearly half of respondents were not having sex with any regularity or at all, with students citing “overall discomfort talking to others” and “lack of empathy among some students” as primary prohibitive factors.

And while sex statistics may seem like a crude way to measure our capacity for romantic intimacy and human connection, scientists do believe that our generation’s diminished sexual activity is indicative of a larger issue: a reduced capacity to form meaningful real-world connections. 

In the media

Whether it was this mounting generational desire for intimacy, the forced isolation of the pandemic, or a perfect storm created by the two, the demand for good romantic escapism has never been higher, and the media has recently been inundated with sumptuous historical romances that transport viewers to simpler times, when a letter could change your life, and a look could stop your heart.

Woman in White Bed Holding Remote Control While Eating Popcorn
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Pre-pandemic, Greta Gerwig’s reimagining of Louisa May Alcott’s coming of age classic Little Women captured hearts and stuffed box offices across the nation. Early last year, Autumn de Wilde’s new adaptation of Jane Austen’s Emma was streamed directly into the homes of millions of lit-lovers. And, of course, in December, Shondaland’s Bridgerton shattered Netflix records, as lovelorn quaran-teens and quaran-twenties alike binged their hearts out.

While it is impossible to know whether the wild popularity of these recent releases was born of a desire to live vicariously through the character’s romances, there certainly appears to be a correlation between the rise of these historical heartbreakers and the overwhelming and increasing “loneliness” of our generation.  

Post-pandemic promise

However, all is not doom and gloom. With over a year of social distancing behind them and universal vaccine accessibility on the horizon, many Gen Z’ers have expressed their enthusiasm for “getting back out there” as soon as safely possible. Says Ella*, a junior at the University of St Andrews, “I can’t graduate college never having had a boyfriend. Once this is all over, I’m so excited to meet people and start forming relationships!”  

Sam*, another junior, echoes her sentiments: “it’s been so long since I’ve been able to just go for a casual coffee or drink with someone, I feel like I’m going to need to get in lots of practice!”  

Couple holding hands at Sunset
Photo by Alex Iby from Unsplash
Whether romantic or platonic, forming new relationships seems to top the post-pandemic to-do lists of most young adults. After months where the only social contact possible was through platforms like Zoom and FaceTime, the vast majority of people are more than ready to close the screens and celebrate face-to-face. 

Is it too soon to anticipate a romantic renaissance? A revival of the intellectual and physical intimacy that seems to have been lost somewhere in all that cyberspace? The return of sonnets, love letters, grand gestures, and small tokens? Perhaps. However, call me a cockeyed optimist, but this writer has faith that with the long-anticipated “return to normalcy” will come a much-needed return to romance.

So the next time you’re tempted to try and slide into someone’s DMs, remember that Darcy would never have gotten anywhere with Elizabeth Bennet that way, and try an invitation for a gripping walk in the country instead. After all, there’s a pretty good precedent there! 

*Names have been changed.

Alexandra is a fourth year at the University of St Andrews in Scotland studying English and Modern History. She is also the founding president and editor-in-chief for the St Andrews Her Campus chapter, and can usually be found buried in a theatre rehearsing for the next musical, opera, or play. In her spare time, she loves writing creative fiction, traveling, and generally enjoying living in Scotland!