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This article is written by a student writer from the Her Campus at Delhi North East chapter.

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in plant-based diets, with many people choosing to reduce their consumption of animal products or eliminate them entirely. Plant-based diets have gained popularity due to their numerous health benefits, as well as ethical and environmental considerations. In this article, we will explore the rise of plant-based diets and their health benefits.

What is a Plant-Based Diet?

A plant-based diet is a way of eating that primarily focuses on whole, minimally processed foods derived from plants, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds. A plant-based diet can be vegetarian or vegan, but it doesn’t have to be. It simply means that the majority of your food comes from plants.

Health Benefits of a Plant-Based Diet

Numerous studies have shown that plant-based diets can have significant health benefits, including:

Reduced Risk of Chronic Diseases

One of the most significant benefits of a plant-based diet is a reduced risk of chronic diseases. A study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology found that a plant-based diet was associated with a lower risk of heart disease. Another study found that a plant-based diet could reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Improved Digestion

A plant-based diet can also improve digestion. A study published in the Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology found that a plant-based diet led to an increase in healthy gut bacteria and a decrease in harmful bacteria. Another study found that a vegetarian diet led to a significant improvement in symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

Weight Loss

Plant-based diets are naturally low in calories and high in fiber, which makes them an excellent choice for weight loss. Studies have found that people who follow plant-based diets tend to have lower body mass indexes (BMIs) and lower rates of obesity.

Improved Gut Health

A plant-based diet can also improve gut health by promoting the growth of healthy gut bacteria. Plant-based foods are rich in prebiotics, which are a type of fiber that feeds the beneficial bacteria in the gut. A healthy gut microbiome has been linked to better immune function, improved mental health, and a reduced risk of certain diseases.

Lower Cholesterol Levels

Plant-based diets can help to lower cholesterol levels, which is important for maintaining heart health. Studies have found that people who follow plant-based diets tend to have lower levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol and higher levels of HDL (good) cholesterol.

Environmental benefits

In addition to the health benefits, a plant-based diet can also have environmental benefits. Animal agriculture is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, deforestation, and water pollution. A Stanford University study published found that a plant-based diet could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 70%.

The rise of plant-based diets is a positive trend that has numerous health benefits. A plant-based diet can help to reduce the risk of chronic diseases, improve digestion, promote weight loss, improve gut health, lower cholesterol levels, improve blood sugar control, and reduce inflammation. If you are considering a plant-based diet, it’s important to do research and ensure that you are getting all of the nutrients your body needs. A registered dietitian can help you design a plant-based diet that meets your nutritional needs and supports your health goals.

Leena Joshi

Delhi North East '24

Leena Joshi is a social entrepreneur, climate advocate and author. She is the founder and executive director of Ethereal, a youth-led climate nonprofit, with 9000 volunteers in 60+ countries. She has sat on boards and advisory councils for various organizations. She has been a member at Harvard Business Review Ascend Select and has provided insights to editorial, marketing and product teams of HBR and has contributed to research projects by HBR. Leena's work has been featured by World Bank Group, United Nations Climate Change, United Nations Foundation, Climate Reality Project, Her Campus Media, Feminist and Lady Gaga's Born This Way Foundation. She was previously a Member at Global Leadership Challenge at Oxford University. She has been an Ambassador for organizations including World Bank Group, Greenpeace USA, 4ocean and Plastic Pollution Coalition. Leena is a prolific public speaker who has spoken at universities across the world including Harvard, Oxford and Cambridge. She has authored books including 'The Climate Awakening' and 'Ethereal' and writes poetry about social impact.