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Santa Claus

 

In order to help you get into the Christmas spirit, this week’s Campus Celebrity is none other than Santa Claus!  Back in the day, Saint Nicholas was a 4th century saint and Greek bishop.  He had a reputation for leaving coins in the shoes of people who left them out for him.  The Dutch took this tradition up, but morphed Saint Nicholas into Sinterklaas, which, obviously, is how we ended up with the name and iconic figure Saint Claus.  On Saint Nicholas’ Eve (December 5th), Dutch children put their shoes in front of the chimneys, and leave hay and carrots for Sinterklaas’s horse.  The next morning, the children who have been good find candy, marbles, and small toys in their shoes.

 

Our American Santa Claus is a hybrid of the Dutch Sinterklaas and the British Father Christmas.  The whole plump, bearded old man in a red coat image became popular in the United States due to Clement Clarke Moore’s 1823 poem “A Visit From St. Nicholas”.  The poem also popularized the image of Santa’s eight reindeer.  Coca Cola too had a huge influence on modern day Santa images.  Ever since the 1930’s, Coca Cola has been printing ads of a jolly, fat Santa in a red hat drinking coke.  It’s often said that Santa wears a red coat because red is the Coca Cola color, but in fact Santa had appeared in red before Coca Cola started using him in adds.  The Salvation Army strengthened the image of Santa as a benevolent figure.  Volunteers dress as Santa and set up at street corners hoping for donations. 

 

One of the artists who defined Santa’s modern image was the cartoonist Thomas Nast.  He drew a picture of Santa for Harper’s Weekly in 1863.  A poem published with one of Nast’s drawings of Santa, “Santa Claus and His Works”, by George P. Webster, propagated the myth that Santa lives at the North Pole, “in the ice and snow.”  A poem by Katherine Lee Bates in 1889, “Goody Santa Claus on a Sleigh Ride”, popularized the idea of Mrs. Claus.  The idea that Santa has a list of the naughty and nice children of the world became popular because of the song “Santa Claus is Coming to Town” in 1934.   

 

According to the Forbes Fictional 15, Santa is the richest character in the world.  He has a net worth of more than a billion dollars. 

 

 

Feel like getting into the Old Saint Nick spirit?  Check out some of my favorite holiday books songs, and movies featuring Santa:

 

The films:

Santa Claus is Coming to Town

The Santa Claus

The Polar Express

 

The Books:

The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe by C. S. Lewis

The Polar Express by Chris Van Allsburg 

Miracle on 34th Street by Vlalentine Davies

 

The Songs

Grandma Got Run Over by a Reindeer by Elmo and Patsy

Do They Know It’s Christmas? by Band Aid

Dominick the Donkey by Ray Allen

 

 

You’re never too old to believe in Santa Claus!  Merry Christmas!

Evelyn is the Editor-in-Chief of the Amherst branch of Her Campus. She was a features intern at Seventeen Magazine during the summer of 2011 and a features intern at Glamour Magazine during the summer of 2013. She is a French and English major in the class of 2014 at Amherst College. She is also on Amherst's varsity squash team. She is an aspiring travel writer/novelist, and loves running, ice cream, and Jane Austen.
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